Medical Terminology and Abbreviations

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

-A-

ACI
Acute coronary insufficiency
ACJT
Acromioclavicular joint
ACL
Anterior clavicular line
ACO
Alert, cooperative, oriented
ACS
Acute cervical strain; acute cervical sprain
ACT
Anticoagulant therapy; active motion
ACTH
Adrenocorticotropic hormone
ACTS
Acute cervical trauma syndrome
ACVD
Acute cardiovascular disease
AD
right ear; admitting diagnosis; adult disease; admission and discharge; alternating days
ADA
Anterior descending artery
ADD
Addiction; adduct; adduction
ADH
Antidiuretic hormone; adhesions
ADJ
Adjacent; adjoining; adjunct; adjust
ADL
Activities of daily living
AD LIB
As desired
ADM
Admit; admission
ADR
Adverse drug reaction
ADV
Arterial deep venous; advised
AE
Above the elbow; active and equal
AER
Auditory evoked response; average evoked response
AF
Adult female; amniotic fluid; aortic flow; atrial fibrillation; atrial flutter
AFL
Artificial limb
AFTR
Atrophy, fasciculation; tremor; rigidity
AGA
Appropriate for gestational age
AGE
Angle of greatest extension
AGF
Angle of greatest flexion
AGG
Aggrevation
AGL
Acute granulocytic leukemia
AGN
Acute glomerulonephritis
AGTT
Abnormal glucose tolerance test
AH
Abdominal hysterectomy; arterial hypertension
AI
Aortic insufficiency; artificial insemination
AID
Acute infectious disease; artificial insemination by donor
AIDS
Acquired immune deficiency syndrome
AIIS
Anterior inferior iliac spine
AIT
Acute intensive treatment
AJ
Ankle jerk
AK
Above the knee
AL
Left ear
ALC
Approximate lethal concentration
ALD
Alcoholic liver disease
ALL
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia; acute lymphocytic leukemia; allergy
ALMI
Anterior lateral myocardial infarction
ALS
Acute lumbar strain; anterolateral sclerosis; amytrophic lateral sclerosis
ALT
Alternate
ALTS
Acute lumbar trauma syndrome
ALVF
Acute left ventricular failure
AM
Adult male; aerospace medicine; before noon
AMA
Against medical advice; American Medical Association
AMB
Ambulate; ambulatory
AMI
Acute myocardial infarction
AML
Acute monocytic leukemia; acute myeloblastic leukemia
ANA
Antinuclear antibodies; anesthesia
ANAL
Analgesic
ANES
Anesthesia
ANG
Angle
ANI
Acute nerve irritation
ANRI
Acute nerve root irritation
ANS
Autonomic nervous system
ANT
Anterior
ANX
Anxiety
AO
Angle of; aorta
AOB
Alcohol on breath
AOD
Arteriosclerotic occlusive disease
AOM
Acute otitis media
A & P
Anterior & posterior; auscultation & palpation; auscultation & percussion
AP
After parturition; anteroposterior; angina pectoris
APB
Atrial premature beat
APC
Aspirin; phenacetin; caffeine
AOH
Anterior pituitary hormone; aphasia
AP & L
Anteroposterior and lateral
APP
Appears; appendix; appointment; approximate
AR
Active resistance; admitting room; apical rate; artificial respiration; assisted respiration; at risk
ARC
Aids-related complex
ARD
Acute respiratory disease
ARE
Active-resistance exercise
ARF
Acute respiratory failure; acute rheumatic fever
ARI
Anxiety reaction, intense
ARM
Anxiety reaction, mild
AROM
Active range of motion
ART
Achilles tendon reflex test; artery; articulation; artificial
ARTH
Arthritic
AS
Anal sphincter; auris sinistra (left ear); arteriosclerosis; astigmatism
ASA
Acetylsalicylic acid; aspirin
ASC
Arteriosclerosis; ascending
ASCAD
Arteriosclerotic coronary artery disease
ASCVD
Arteriosclerotic cardiovascular disease; atherosclerotic coronary artery disease
ASD
Atrial septal defect
ASHD
Arteriosclerotic heart disease
ASIS
Anterior superior iliac spine
ASS
Anterior superior spine
AST
Astigmatism
AT
Anterior tibial; atlas
ATN
Acute tubular necrosis
ATP
Attending physician
ATR
Achilles tendon reflex; atrophy
ATS
Anxiety tension state; arteriosclerosis
AU
Both ears
AV
Aortic valve; avulsion
AVG
Average
AVH
Acute viral hepatitis
AW
Alive and well; able to work
AWA
As well as
AX
Axial: axillary

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-B-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
B
Born
Ba
Barium
BA
Blood alcohol; bone age; brachial artery; bronchial asthma;
BAB
Babinski's sign
BAC
Blood alcohol concentration
Bact.
Bacteriologist; bacteriology
Bas.
Basal
BB
Bed board; blood bank; both bones; breakthrough bleeding;
BBB
Blood brain barrier
BB/FS
Breast biopsy/frozen section
BBT
Basal body temperature
BC
Back care; bone conduction; birth control
BC/BS
Blue Cross/Blue Shield
BCC
Basal cell carcinoma
BCP
Birth control pills
BD
Birth date
BE
Barium enema; below the elbow; brisk and equal
BF
Blood flow; bone fragment
BG
Bone graft
BGS
Balance, gate, station
BGTT
Borderline glucose tolerance test
BHP
Benign hypertrophic prostate
BHS
Beta hemolytic streptococcus
Bic.
Biceps
BID
Twice a day; brought in dead (b.i.d.)
BIL
Bilateral
BJ
Biceps jerk; bone and joint
BJE
Bones, joints, extremities
BJM
Bones, joints, muscles
BK
Back; below the knee
BL
Bilateral lower lung fields; blood loss
Blad.
Bladder
BLE
Both lower extremities
BLQ
Both lower quadrants
BM
Basal metabolism; body mass; bone marrow; bowel movement
BMR
Basal metabolic rate
BND
Barely noticeable difference
BNO
Bladder neck obstruction
BOE
Bilateral otitis externa
BOM
Bilateral otitis media
BOP
Blood, ova, parasites
BP
Blood pressure; body part
BPC
Blood pressure cuff
BPH
Benign prostatic hypertrophy
BPP
Blood pressure and pulse
BR
Bathroom; bedrest
BRB
Bright red blood
BRBPR
Bright red blood per rectum
BRP
Bathroom privileges
BS
Blood sugar; bowel sounds; breath sounds
BSA
Bowel signs active
BSE
Breast self-examination
BSN
Bowel sounds normal
BSP
Bilateral salpingo-oophorectomy
BTR
Biceps tendon reflex
BTW
Back to work
BUE
Both upper extremities
BUN
Blood urea nitrogen
BUQ
Both upper quadrants
BUS
Bartholin, urethral, skein's
BV
Blood vessel; blood volume
BVR
Bureau of Vocational Rehabilitation
BW
Birth weight; body weight; twice per week
BX
Biopsy

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-C-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
C
With (represented as a 'c' with a '-' over it)
CA
Cancer; cardiac arrest; Caucasian adult; chronological age
CAD
Coronary artery disease
CAF
Caucasian adult female
CAH
Chronic active hepatitis
CAM
Caucasian adult male
CAO
Chronic airway obstruction
CAT
Cataract; computerized axial tomography
CB
Chest-back; chronic bronchitis
CBC
Complete blood count
CC
Caucasian child; chief complaint; current complaint
CCOT
Cervical compression overloading test
CD
Cardiovascular disease; cause of death
CDH
Congenital dislocation of the hip
CDS
Cervico-dorsal syndrome
CF
Compare, refer to
CFNS
Chills, fever, night sweats
CH
Characteristic; chest; chief; chronic
CHD
Coronary heart disease
CHF
Congestive heart failure
CHG
Change
CHR
Chronic; chronological
CI
Cardiac insufficiency; cerebral infarction
CIC
Crisis intervention clinic
CICU
Cardiac intensive care unit
CIRC
Circulation; circumference
CK
Check
CL
Clavicle; clean; closed; contact lens
CMS
Circulation, motion, sensation
CN
Cranial nerve
CNS
Central nervous system
CNV
Cranial nerve number 5
CNX
Cranial nerve number 10
C/O
Care of; complains of
CO
Carbon monoxide; cardiac output; check out
COA
Condition on admission
COD
Cause of death; condition on discharge
COPE
Chronic obstructive pulmonary emphysema
CPE
Chronic pulmonary emphysema; complete physical examination
CPX
Complete physical examination
CR
Clinical records; closed reduction
CR&C
Closed reduction and cast
CRF
Chronic renal failure
CRIT
Critical hematocrit
CRNA
Certified registered nurse anesthetist
CROM
Cervical range of motion
CS
Cervical spine; cesarean section
CSF
Cerebrospinal fluid
CSP
Cervical spine
CT
Carpal tunnel; cerebral thrombosis; cervical-thoracic; cervical traction
CTB
Confined to bed
CTL
Cervical, thoracic, lumbar
CTS
Carpal tunnel syndrome
CU
Cause unknown; clinical unit
CUD
Cause undetermined
CV
Cardiac volume; cervical vertebra; color vision
CVA
Cerebrovascular accident
CVD
Cardiovascular disease; cerebrovascular disease
CVS
Cardiovascular status
CW
Chest wall; crutch walking
CX
Cervix; chest x-ray; consciousness
CXR
Chest x-ray

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-D-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
DA
Degenerative arthritis
D/A
Date of accident; date of admission
DAT
Diet as tolerated
DB
Disability; date of birth
DBP
Diastolic blood pressure
DC
Discharge; discontinue; Doctor of Chiropractic
DC&B
Dilation, curettage and biopsy
DD
Discharge diagnosis; dry dressing
DDD
Degenerative disc disease
D/DW
Dextrose in distilled water
D5%DW
Dextrose 5% in distilled water
DEC
Deceased; decrease
DEF
Defecation; deferred; deficient
DEG
Degeneration
DES
Describe
DET
Determine
DEV
Deviation
DF
Dorsiflexion
DHF
Dorsi-hyperflexion
DI
Diabetes insipidus; date of injury
DIL
Dilated
DIM
Diminished
DIPJ
Distil interphalangeal joint
DIS
Disabled; disease
DISI
Dorsal intercalary segment instability
DISL
Dislocate; dislocation
DISP
Disposition
DIST
Distal; distended
DJD
Degenerative joint disease
DKA
Did not keep appointment
DKB
Deep knee bends
D5LR
Dextrose 5% with lactated ringers
DM
Diabetes mellitus; diastolic murmur
DND
Died a natural death
DNKA
Did not keep appointment
DNR
Dorsal nerve root
DNS
Did not show for appointment
D/NS
Dextrose in normal saline
D5%NS
Dextrose 5% in normal saline
DOA
Day of admission; dead on arrival
DOB
Date of birth
DOC
Died of other causes
DOD
Date of death
DOE
Date of examination
DOI
Date of injury
DOS
Date of surgery
DOT
Date of transfer
DP
Deep pulse; diastolic pressure
DPD
Diffuse pulmonary disease
DPT
Diphtheria, pertussis, tetanus immunization
DR
Diabetic retinopathy; diagnostic radiology; dorsal root; dressing
DSD
Discharge summary dictated; dry sterile dressing
DSG
Dressing; dry sterile gauze
DSP
Decreased sensory perception
DT
Delerium tremens; date and time; date of treatment; due to
DTP
Distal tingling on percussion (Tinel's sign)
DTR
Deep tendon reflex
DU
Diagnosis undetermined; duodenal ulcer
DVA
Distance visual acuity
DVT
Deep venous thrombosis
DW
Distilled water; doing well
D5W
Dextrose 5% in water
DX
Diagnosis; discharged; disease
DXD
Discontinued

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-E-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
EBL
Estimated blood loss
ECF
Extended care facility
ECG
Electrocardiogram
ECHO
Echocardiogram
ED
Edema
EEG
Electroencephalogram
EENT
Eyes, ears, nose, throat
EJ
Elbow jerk
EKG
Electrocardiogram (also ECG)
EL
Elbow
EMG
Electromyogram
EMS
Electrical muscle stimulation
ENT
Ear, nose, throat
EP
Ectopic pregnancy
EPI
Epinephrine
ER
Emergency room; external rotation
ERE
External rotation in extension
ERF
External rotation in flexion
ES
Electrical stimulation
ESRD
End stage renal disease
ESRF
End stage renal failure
ETOH
Ethyl alcohol
ETT
Exercise tolerance test
EUA
Examination under anesthetic
EX
Exacerbate; examination; excision
EXC
Excellent; except; exchange
EXP
Expand; explain
EXT
Extend; external; extremity

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-F-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
FA
Failed appointment; forearm
FABERE
Flexion, abduction, external rotation and extension
FACP
Fellow of the American College of Physicians
FACS
Fellow of the American College of Surgeons
FACOG
Fellow of the American College of Obstetrics and Gynecology
FADIR
Flexion, adduction and internal rotation
FADIRE
Flexion, adduction, internal rotation and extension
FB
Foreign body
FCA
Fracture, complete, angulated
FCC
Fracture, complete, comminuted; fracture, compound, comminuted
FCCC
Fracture, complete, comminuted, compound
FCD
Fracture, complete, deviated
FEB
Fever
FER
Flexion, extension, rotation
FF
Forward flexion
FFD
Free from disability
FFT
Forward flexion: fingertips to toes
FFROM
Full, free range of motion
F/I
Fever due to infection
FJRM
Full joint range of motion
FL
Flank; flexion; fluid
FLEX
Flexion
FLX
Flexion
FMD
Family medical doctor
FPM
Full passive movements
FR
Frequency of respiration; full range; fracture
FR BB
Fracture of both bones
FRJM
Full range of joint movement
FROM
Full range of movement
FSC
Fracture, simple comminuted
FSCC
Fracture, simple, complete, comminuted
FTKA
Failed to keep appointment
FTSG
Full thickness skin graft
F/U
Follow up
FUO
Fever of unknown origin
FWB
Full weight bearing
FX
Fracture
FX BB
Fracture of both bones

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-G-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
GA
Gastric analysis; general anesthesia; general appearance
GB
Gallbladder
GBD
Gallbladder disease
GC
General condition; gonococcal; gonococcus
GE
Gastroenteritis
GFR
Glomerular filtration rate
GG
Gamma globulin
GH
General health
GI
Gastrointestinal
GM
Gross motor
gm
Gram
GMA
Gross motor activity
GOK
God only knows (diagnosis)
GP
General practitioner
gr
Grain
GR
Gastric resection; great, greater; gross, grossly; group
GSW
Gunshot wound
GT
Gait training
GTT
Glucose tolerance test
gtt
Drops
GTTS
Drops
GU
Gastric ulcer; genitourinary
GXT
Graded exercise test
GYN
Gynecology

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-H-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
HA
Headache; high anxiety; hospital admission
HAA
Hepatitis associated antibodies
HBD
Has been drinking
HBF
Hepatic blood flow
HBP
High blood pressure
HCG
Human chorionic gonadotrophin
HCTZ
Hydrochlorothiazide
HCVD
Hypertensive cardiovascular disease
HD
Heart disease; hemodialysis; hospital day
HDS
Herniated disc syndrome
HEENT
Head, ears, eyes, nose, throat
HEP
Home exercise program
HF
Hay fever; heart failure
HGB
Hemoglobin
HH
Hard of hearing; hiatus hernia
HL
Hearing loss; heart and lungs
HLA
Heart, lungs, abdomen
HLK
Heart, liver, kidney
HLV
Herpes like virus
HM
Heart murmur
HMO
Health maintenance organization
HMP
Hot moist packs
HNP
Herniated nucleus pulposus
HNV
Has not voided
HO
History of
HOB
Head of bed
H&P
History and physical
HP
Hot pack
HPE
History and physical examination
HPI
History of present illness
HR
Heart rate; hospital record
HS
Bedtime; heart sounds
HSV
Herpes simplex virus
HT
Heart; hospital treatment; hypertension; hyperthyroidism
HTN
Hypertension
HV
Hepatic vein; herpes virus; home visit; hospital visit; hyperventilation
HW
Healing well
HWP
Hot wet pack
HX
History

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-I-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
IA
Incurred accidentally; intra-arterial
IAC
Internal acoustic canal
IBW
Ideal body weight
IC
Inspiratory capacity; intensive care; intracerebral; between meals
ICC
Intensive coronary care
ICCU
Intensive coronary care unit
ICDA
International Classification of Diseases, Adapted
ICF
Intensive care facility
ICFX
Intracapsular fracture
ICM
Intercostal margin
ICN
Intensive care nursery
ICP
Intracranial pressure
ICS
Intercostal space
ICT
Intermittent cervical traction
ICU
Intensive care unit
I&D
Incision and drainage
ID
Identification; ill defined; ineffective dose; infectious disease; during the day
IDA
Iron deficiency anemia
IDD
Insulin dependent diabetes
IDK
Internal derangement of the knee
I&E
Internal and external
IE
Inner ear
IFR
Inspiratory flow rate
IH
Infectious hepatitis; interval history
IHD
Ischemic heart disease
IHR
Intrinsic heart rate
IID
Insulin dependent diabetes
IL
Ilio-lumbar
IM
Infectious mononucleosis; internal medicine; intramuscular
IMBC
Indirect maximum breathing capacity
IME
Independent medical examiner
IMI
Intramuscular injection
IMM
Immediate; immobilize; immunize
IMP
Impression; improved
INC
Incomplete; inconclusive; increase
IND
Independent
INF
Infant; infarction; infected; inferior
INJ
Inject; injection; injury
INK
Injury not known
INS
Insulin; insurance
INR
Intermittent; interval
IO
Intestinal obstruction
I&O
Intake and output
IOFB
Intraocular foreign body
IOP
Intraocular pressure
IOU
Intensive therapy observation unit
IP
Interphalangeal; intra-peritoneal
IPPA
Inspection, palpation, percussion, auscultation
IPPB
Intermittent positive-pressure breathing
IPPO
Intermittent positive-pressure inflation with oxygen
IPPR
Intermittent positive pressure respiration
IPPV
Intermittent positive pressure ventilation
IR
Internal rotation
IRE
Internal rotation in extension
IRF
Internal rotation in flexion
IS
In situ; intercostal space
ISL
Interscapular line
IST
Insulin shock therapy
IT
Individual therapy; inhalation therapy; intensive therapy
ITT
Internal tibial torsion
IU
Immunizing unit; international unit; intrauterine
IUP
Intrauterine pregnancy
IUT
Intrauterine transfusion
IV
Intervertebral; intravascular; intravenous; in vitro; in vivo
IVD
Intervertebral disc
IVJC
Intervertebral joint complex

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-J-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
JAMA
Journal of the American Medical Association
JCT
Junction
JJ
Jaw jerk
JND
Just noticeable difference
JRA
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
JT
Joint
JUV
Juvenile
JV
Jugular vein
JVD
Jugular-venous distension
JVP
Jugular venous pulse

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-K-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
K
Potassium
KA
Ketoacidosis
KB
Knee bearing amputation
KCL
Potassium chloride
KFT
Kidney function test
KG
Kilogram
KI
Potassium iodide
KJ
Knee jerk
KK
Knee kick
KLS
Kidney, liver, spleen
KUB
Kidney, ureter, and bladder x-ray
KVO
Keep vein open

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-L-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
LAC
Laceration; long arm cast
LAE
Long above elbow (cast)
LAM
Laminectomy
LANC
Long arm navicular cast
LBB
Low back bending
LBP
Low back pain; low blood pressure
LBT
Low back tenderness
LDP
Lumbo-dorsal pain
LF
Left foot; linear fracture; low frequency
LFA
Left forearm
L&H
Lungs and heart
LHG
Left hand grip
LHS
Left hand side
LIC
Left iliac crest
LIQ
Left inner quadrant
LIR
Left iliac region
LK
Left kidney
LKS
Liver, kidney, spleen
LL
Left lateral; left leg; left lower; left lung
LLB
Left lateral bending; long leg brace
LLC
Long leg cast
LLCC
Long leg cylinder cast
LLD
Leg length discrepancy
LLE
Left lower extremity
LLF
Left lateral flexion; left little finger
LLL
Left lower leg; left lower lid; left lower lung
LLN
Lower limit of normal
LLQ
Left lower quadrant
LLR
Left lumbar region
LLS
Long leg splint
LLWC
Long leg walking cast
LLX
Left lower extremity
LN
Lymph node
LOC
Level of consciousness; loss of consciousness
LOM
Left otitis media; limitation of movement; loss of movement
LOQ
Left lower quadrant; left outer quadrant
LOS
Length of stay; loss of sight
LQ
Lower quadrant
LRQ
Lower right quadrant
LRT
Lower respiratory tract
LS
Left side; liver and spleen; lumbar spine; lumbosacral
L&S
Liver and spleen
LSK
Liver, spleen, kidneys
LSP
Lumbar spine
LUA
Left upper arm
LUE
Left upper extremity
LUOQ
Left upper outer quadrant
LUQ
Left upper quadrant
LX
Lower extremity

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-M-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
MA
Medical authorization; moderately advanced; muscle activity
MAC
Maximum allowable concentration; macerated
MAJ
Major; majority
MAL
Malignant
MAS
Manifest anxiety scale
MASS
Massage; massive
MAT
Maternal
MAX
Maxilla; maximal; maximum
MB
Muscle balance
MBC
Maximal breathing capacity
MBH
Maximum benefit from hospitalization
MDC
Minimum detectable concentration
MDV
Multiple dose vial
ME
Medical examiner
MED
Minimum effective dose; medial
MEDLARS
Medical Literature Analysis and Retreival System
MEDS
Medications, medicines
MEF
Maximal expiratory flow
MEFR
Maximal expiratory flow rate
MEH
Medical eye history
MEL
Melanoma
M&F
Mother and father
MFD
Midforceps delivery; minimum fatal dose
MFT
Muscle function test
MFU
Medical follow up
MFW
Multiple fragment wounds
MG
Muscle group
MH
Marital history; medical history; mental health
MHB
Maximum hospital benefit
MHR
Maximal heart rate
MI
Mental illness; mitral insufficiency; myocardial infarction
MIC
Minimal inhibitory concentration
MICU
Mobile intensive care unit
MID
Minimum infective dose
MIF
Maximal inspiratory flow
MIFR
Maximal inspiratory flow rate
MIN
Minimal; minor
MK
Marked
MKV
Measles, killed vaccine
ML
Maximum to left; midline
MLC
Minimum lethal concentration
MLD
Minimum lethal dose
MM
Malignant melanoma; mucous membrane; murmur, muscles
MMF
Maximal midexpiratory flow
MMFR
Maximal midexpiratory flow rate
MMPI
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory
MMST
Muscle strength
MOD
Medical officer of day; moderate
MOM
Milk of magnesia
MP
Menstrual period
MPC
Maximum permissible concentration
MPD
Maximum permissible dose
MR
Maximum to right; mental retardation
MRI
Magnetic resonance imaging
MS
Medical student; minor surgery; multiple sclerosis
MSTI
Multiple soft tissue injuries
MT
Manual traction; maximal therapy; more than; muscles and tendons; muscle test
MTD
Maximum tolerated dose
MTR
Masses, tenderness, rebound
MTRG
Masses, tenderness, rebound, guarding
MUO
Myocardiopathy of unknown origin
MUS
Muscle
MV
Mitral valve
MVA
Motor vehicle accident
MVP
Mitral valve prolapse
MVV
Maximum volume ventilation; maximum voluntary ventilation

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-N-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
NA
No abnormalities; not admitted; not applicable; not available
NAA
No apparent abnormalities
NAD
No active disease; no acute distress; nothing abnormal detected
NAI
No acute infection
NAR
Narcotic; no action required
NBI
No bone injury
NBM
Nothing by mouth
NBS
Normal bowel sounds
NC
No change; no complaint; non-contributory
NCD
Not considered disabling
NCNS
No complications, no sequelae
NCO
No complaints offered
NCS
Nerve conduction studies
ND
Nondisabling
NE
Nerve ending; neurologic examination
NIH
National Institutes of Health
NIL
Nothing
NIP
No infection present; no inflammation present
NK
Not known
NKA
No known allergies
NKD
No known disease
NL
Normal; normal limits
NLM
National Library of Medicine
NLP
No light perception; normal light perception
NM
Neuromuscular; not measured; not mentioned
N&M
Nerves and muscles
NMA
Neurogenic muscular atrophy
NMJ
Neuromuscular injection
NN
Neonatal; nerves; nurse notes
NNR
Not necessary to return
NOC
Night
NOK
Next of kin
NOP
No ocular pain; not otherwise provided for
NOS
Not on staff; not otherwise specified
NP
Nasopharynx; neuropathology; not palpable
NPC
No previous complaint
NPH
No previous history
NPO
Nothing by mouth
NPO MN
Nothing by mouth after midnight
NPT
Normal pressure and temperature
NR
Nerve root; normal range; not remarkable
NRI
Nerve root involvement or irritation
NRM
Normal range of motion
NRN
No return necessary
NROM
Normal range of motion
NS
Nerves; neurosurgery; no show, nonspecific
NSA
No significant abnormalities
NSAD
No sign of significant disease
NSAID
Non-steriodal anti-inflammatory drug
NSC
No significant change
NSD
Normal spontaneous delivery; no significant defect
NSF
No significant findings
NSG
Nursing
NSI
No sign of infection, inflammation
NSR
Normal sinus rhythm
NSS
Normal saline solution; normal size and shape
NT
Naso-tracheal; nerve treatment; normal temperature; no test, not tested; not tender
N&T
Nose and throat
NTG
Nitroglycerine
NTP
Normal temperature and pressure
NV
Neurovascular
NVD
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea
N&V
Nausea and vomiting
NWB
Non weight bearing
NYD
Not yet diagnosed

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-O-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
O
Pint
OA
Osteoarthritis
OAP
Osteoarthropathy
OB
Obstetrics
OBJ
Object; objective
OBL
Oblique
OBP
Ova, blood and parasites
OBS
Organic brain syndrome; observer; obstetrics
OC
On call
OCC
Occasionally; occiput; occupation
OD
Occupational disease; officer of the day; once daily; overdose; right eye (oculus dexter)
OE
On examination; orthopedic examination; otitis externa
O&E
Observation and examination
OH
Occupational history
OM
Occupational medicine; osteopathic manipulation; otitis media
ONC
Oncology
OOB
Out of bed
OOP
Out of plaster
OP
Operation; out patient
OPC
Outpatient clinic
OPD
Outpatient department
OPP
Opposite
OPT
Outpatient treatment
OPV
Oral polio vaccine
OR
Operating room; open reduction; oriented
ORIF
Open reduction internal fixation
ORT
Operating room technician
OS
Left eye (oculus sinister); mouth; oral surgery
OT
Objective test; occupational therapy
OTC
Over the counter

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-P-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
PA
Postero-anterior; pulmonary artery
PC
Phone call; posterior cervical; present complaint
PCN
Penicillin
PD
Partial denture; per diem; pulmonary disease
PE
Physical examination; point of entry
PER OS
By mouth
PERLA
Pupils equal, reactive to light & accommodation
PERRLA
Pupils equal, round, reactive to light & accommodation
PGP
Progressive general paralysis
PHX
Past history
PI
Present illness; personal injury
PID
Pelvic inflammatory disease; prolapsed intervertebral disc
PMA
Positive mental attitude; progressive muscular atrophy
PMD
Private medical doctor
PMH
Past medical history
PMI
Past medical illness; point of maximum impact
PN
Pain; post-nasal
PNI
Peripheral nerve injury
PO
By mouth; post-operative
POX
Point of exit
PP
Positive pressure; presenting problem; private physician
PP&A
Palpation, percussion and auscultation
PPD
Packs per day; permanent partial disability
PPH
Past pertinent history; post-partum hemorrhage
PR
Partial remission; progress record; pulse rate
PRN
As needed
PROM
Passive range of motion
PRRE
Pupils round, regular and equal
PRT
Patient refused test
PS
Paraspinous; physical status; present symptoms
P&S
Permanent and stationary
PSP
Posterior spinous process
PT
Patient; permanent and total; physical therapy; pneumothorax
PTA
Prior to admission
PTD
Permanent total disability
PTR
Patellar tendon reflex
PTSD
Post-traumatic stress disorder
PUD
Peptic ulcer disease; pulmonary disease
PV
Paravertebral
PX
Physical examination; prescription; prognosis

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-Q-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Q
Every
QD
Every day
QH
Every hour
Q2H
Every two hours
QID
Four times a day
QM;QAM
Every morning
QMT
Quantitative muscle testing
QN
Every night
QNS
Quantity not sufficient
QOD
Every other day
QOH
Every other hour
QON
Every other night
QP
As much as desired; at will
QPM
Every afternoon
QS
Sufficient quantity
QT
Quantity; quart; quiet
QV
As much as desired

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-R-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
RA
Rheumatoid arthritis; right arm
RAD
Radiate
RDM
Readmission
REC
Rear end collision; receive; recommend; recurrent
RED
Reduce, reduction
REM
Rapid eye movements; removal
RET
Retention; retired; returned
REV
Review
RF
Renal failure
RFA
Right forearm
RFT
Renal function test
RH
Right hand
RHA
Rheumatoid arthritis
RHS
Right hand side
RI
Respiratory illness, infection
RIC
Right iliac crest
RID
Ruptured intervertebral disc
RIVD
Ruptured intervertebral disc
RLB
Right lateral bending
RLE
Right lower extremity
RLF
Right lateral flexion
RLL
Right lower lateral; right lower leg
RLQ
Right lower quadrant
RLR
Right lumbar region
RLX
Right lower extremity
RO
Routine order; rule out
ROH
Alcohol
ROM
Range of motion, movement; rupture of membranes; Romberg test
ROMCP
Range of motion complete and pain free
ROQ
Right outer quadrant
ROT
Rotation
RR
Recovery room; regular rhythm; respiratory rate
RRCT
Regular rate, clear tones
RRR
Regular rate and rhythm
RS
Respiratory system; right side
RSR
Regular sinus rhythm
RTC
Return to clinic
RTW
Return to work
RUA
Right upper arm
RUE
Right upper extremity
RUQ
Right upper quadrant
RX
Prescription; treatment
RXN
Reaction

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-S-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
S
Without
SAB
Spontaneous abortion
SAC
Sacral; shortarm cast
SAS
Short arm splint
SAT
Satisfactory
SB
Small bowel; sternal border
SBD
Senile brain disease
SBE
Short below elbow; subacute bacterial endocarditis
SBO
Small bowel obstruction
SBR
Strict bed rest
SC
Sacrococcygeal; scapula; self care; subcutaneous
SCD
Service connected disability
SCI
Spinal cord injury
SCL
Scleroderma; sclerosis
SC&M
Sensation, circulation and motion
SD
Sterile dressing; subdural
SDD
Sterile dry dressing
SDS
Sudden death syndrome
SEM
Scanning electron microscope; semen, seminal
SENS
Sensory, sensation
SEP
Separate, separation
SEQ
Sequela
SF
Spinal fluid
SFP
Spinal fluid pressure
SH
Self help; serum hepatitis; shoulder; surgical history
SI
Sacroiliac; self-inflicted
SID
Once per day
SIDS
Sudden infant death syndrome
SIJ
Sacroiliac joint
SIT
Situational
SIW
Self inflicted wound
SK
Skeletal
SLB
Short leg brace
SLC
Short leg cast
SLR
Straight leg rasing
SLS
Short leg splint
SLT
Slight
SLWC
Short leg walking cast
SNS
Sympathetic nervous system
SNST
Sciatic nerve stretch test
SNT
Sinuses, nose and throat
SO
Supraorbital; sutures out
SOAP
Subjective, objective, assessment, plan
SOB
Short of breath
SOP
Standard operating procedure
SOS
Stimulation of senses; repeat once if necessary
SP
Spine, spinal
SPL
Splint
SPR
Sprain
SQ
Squamous; subcutaneous
SR
Sinus rhythm, stretch reflex; systems review
SS
Sacrosciatic; signs and symptoms; sitting and standing
SSC
Size, shape and consistency
SSN
Severely subnormal
ST
Shock therapy; slight trace; stomach
STAT
Immediately
STD
Sexually transmitted disease
STL
Swelling, tenderness, limitation
STLOM
Swelling, tenderness, limitation of motion
STP
Standard temperature and pulse
STR
Straight; strain; strength
SUBQ
Subcutaneous
SUD
Sudden unexpected or unexplained death
SUP
Superior; supination; supine
SW
Stab wound; swollen, swelling
SX
Symptoms
SYM
Symmetric; symptoms
SYS
System; systolic

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-T-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
TA
Traffic accident
T&A
Tonsils and adenoids
TAB
Therapeutic abortion
TACH
Tachycardia
TAH
Total abdominal hysterectomy
TAL
Tendon achilles lengthening
TAT
Tetanus antitoxin
TB
Total body; tuberculosis
TBA
To be arranged
TBF
Total body fat
TBLC
Term birth, living child
TBV
Total blood volume
TBW
Total body weight
TC
Throat culture; total cholesterol
TCI
Transient cerebral ischemia
TCN
Tetracycline
TD
Total disability
TE
Therapeutic exercises
TEN
Tension
TEND
Tender
TENS
Transelectrical nerve stimulator
TH
Thoracic
THC
Tetrahydrocortisone
THOR
Thoracic
THR
Total hip replacement
TIA
Transient ischemia attacks
TID
Three times a day
TIN
Three times a night
TIW
Three times a week
TJ
Triceps jerk
TKO
To keep open
TL
Tubal ligation
TLC
Total lung capacity
TM
Temperature by mouth; tympanic membrane
TMAS
Taylor Manisfest Anxiety Scale
TMJ
Temporomandibular joint
TML
Tender midline
TMT
Tarso-metatarsal joint
TNC
Too numerous to count
TND
Test not done
TNS
Tension
TOPV
Trivalent oral polio vaccine
TOS
Thoracic outlet syndrome
TOT
Total
TPD
Temporary partial disability
TPR
Temperature, pulse, respiration
TQ
Tourniquet
TR
Temperature, rectal; Trace; trauma
T&R
Tenderness and rebound
TRO
To return to office
TRT
Treatment
TS
Thoracic spine
TSD
Tay-Sachs disease
TSP
Thoracic spine
TT
Tactile tension; total time
TTD
Temporary total disability
TUR
Transurethral resection
TURB
Transurethral resection of bladder; turbinate
TURP
Transurethral resection of prostate gland
TV
Tinea versicolor; total volume
TVC
Timed vital capacity
TVH
Total vaginal hysterectomy
TVR
Thoracic ventral root
TWHW
Toe walking, heel walking
TX
Traction; transplant; treatment
TYP
Typical

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-U-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
U
Units
UA
Umbilical artery; uric acid; urinalysis
UC
Ulcerative colitis; unchanged; unconscious
UCD
Usual childhood diseases
UCG
Urinary chorionic gonadotrophin
UCR
Unconditioned reflex, response
UCS
Unconditioned stimulus; unconscious
UD
Ulnar deviation; under developed; urethral discharge, drainage
UE
Undetermined etiology; upper extremity
UGA
Under general anesthesia
UHF
Ultra high frequency
UIQ
Upper inner quadrant
UK
Unknown
UL
Upper lobe
U&L
Upper and lower
ULN
Upper limits of normal; ulnar
ULOQ
Upper left outer quadrant
ULQ
Upper left quadrant
UMN
Upper motor neuron
UMNL
Upper motor neuron lesion
U&MNP
Ulnar and median nerve palsy
UN
Ulnar nerve
UNC
Uncertain, unconscious, uncooperative
UND
Undetermined
UNG
Ointment
UNK
Unknown
UO
Undetermined origin; urinary output
U/O
Under observation for
UOQ
Upper outer quadrant
UPOR
Usual place of residence
UQ
Upper quadrant
UR
Unconditioned response; upper respiratory
URD
Upper respiratory disease
URI
Upper respiratory infection
UROQ
Upper right outer quadrant
URQ
Upper right quadrant
US
Ultrasound
UT
Urinary tract; uterus
UTI
Urinary tract infection
UTOC
Upper thoracic outlet compression syndrome
UV
Ultraviolet; urinary volume
UVL
Ultraviolet light
UVR
Ultraviolet radiation
U/WB
Unit of whole blood

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-V-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
V
Volt
VA
Vacuum aspiration; vertebral artery; visual acuity
VAG
Vaginal
VAH
Veteran's Administration Hospital
VALE
Visual acuity, left eye
VAOD
Visual acuity, right eye
VAOS
Visual acuity, left eye
VAOU
Visual acuity, both eyes
VAR
Variety; variation
VBP
Venous blood pressure
VC
Ventricular contraction; vital capacity; vocal cord
VD
Venereal disease; venous dilation; ventrodorsal
VDA
Visual discriminatory acuity
VE
Vaginal examination
VENT
Ventral
VERT
Vertebra, vertical, vertigo
VF
Ventricular fibrillation; visual field
VFI
Visual fields intact
VH
Vaginal hysterectomy
VI
Viral infection
VM
Vasomotor
VMR
Vasomotor rhinitis
VMS
Visual memory span
VMT
Vasomotor tone
VNA
Visiting Nurse's Association
VNR
Ventral nerve root
VO
Verbal order
VOC
Vocal; vocational
VOL
Volatile; volume; voluntary
VP
Venipuncture; venous pressure
VPB
Ventricular premature beats
VPC
Ventricular premature contractions
VPS
Vibrations per second
V&PS
Vibration and peripheral sensation
VQ
Voice quality
VR
Ventilation rate; ventricular rate; vocational rehabilitation
VRC
Ventral root, cervical
VRL
Ventral root, lumbar
VRT
Ventral root, thoracic
VS
Vesicular sounds; vital signs
VSBE
Very short below elbow (cast)
VSD
Ventral septal defect
VSO
Vital signs normal
VSS
Vital signs stable
VSTT
Ventral spinothalamic tract
VT
Ventricular tachycardia
VV
Varicose veins; veins

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-W-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
W
Watt
W/A
Weakness atrophy
WAIS
Wechsler's adult intelligence scale
WB
Weight bearing; whole blood
WBAT
Weight bearing as tolerated
WBC
White blood cell; white blood cell count
WC
Will call; wound check; wheelchair
W/C
Wheelchair
WD
Well developed; wound
W&D
Warm and dry
WDWN
Well developed, well nourished
W/E
Wound of entry
WF
White female
WFO
Will follow in office
WH
Walking heel cast; well healed; well hydrated
WHO
World Health Organization
WHP
Whirlpool
WK
Weak; week; work
WL
Work load
WM
White male
WMF
White middle aged female
WMM
White middle aged male
WN
Well nourished
WNL
Within normal limits
WO
Written order
WOE
Wound of entry
WOX
Wound of exit
WP
Wet pack; whirlpool
WPD
Whirlpool bath
WPK
Wet pack
WR
Weak response; wrist
WT
Weight
WTB
Weight bearing
W/U
Workup

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-X-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
X
Times; power; multiplied by
XIP
X-ray in plaster; extra-ocular movements, muscles
XOOP
X-rays out of plaster
XOP
X-rays out of plaster
XR
X-ray
XS
Excessive
XT
Exotropia
XYL
Xylocaine

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-Y-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Y/A
Years of age
YD
Yard
YO
Tears old
YOB
Year of birth
YR
Year

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-Z-

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
Z
Zero
ZD
Zero defects
Z-PLASTY
Plastic surgery skin repair technique
ZYG
Zygoma

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