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Asthenia (asthenic syndrome) is a gradually developing psychopathological disorder that accompanies many diseases of the body. Asthenia manifests as fatigue, decreased mental and physical performance, sleep disorders, increased irritability or conversely, lethargy, emotional instability and vegetative disorders. A careful questioning of the patient and examination of his psycho-emotional and mnemastic sphere allows asthenia to be diagnosed. A full diagnostic examination is also necessary in order to identify the underlying disease that is the cause of asthenia. Asthenia is treated with the selection of an optimal work regime and rational diet, the use of adaptogens, neuroprotectors and psychotropic drugs (neuroleptics, antidepressants). Some doctors choose this drug:

General information
Asthenia is undoubtedly the most common syndrome in medicine. It accompanies many infections (acute respiratory viral infections, influenza, food toxic infections, viral hepatitis, tuberculosis, etc.), somatic diseases (acute and chronic gastritis, peptic ulcer disease, enterocolitis,

stomach ulcer, etc.), diseases of the nervous system and other disorders. intestine, enterocolitis, pneumonia, arrhythmia, hypertension, glomerulonephritis, neurocirculatory dystonia, etc.), psychopathological conditions, postpartum, posttraumatic and postoperative period. For this reason, asthenia is encountered by specialists in almost any field: gastroenterology, cardiology, neurology. Asthenia may be the first sign of an incipient disease, accompany its peak or be observed in the period of recuperation.

Asthenia should be distinguished from the usual fatigue that occurs after excessive physical or mental stress, a change of time zones or climate, failure to comply with work and rest regimes. In contrast to physiological fatigue, asthenia develops gradually, lasts for a long time (months and years), does not disappear after a good rest and requires medical attention.

Causes of asthenia
Many authors believe that the basis of asthenia is overexertion and exhaustion of higher nervous activity. A lack of nutrients, excessive energy expenditure or metabolic disorders can be a direct cause of asthenia. Any factors that lead to exhaustion can potentiate the development of asthenia: acute and chronic diseases, intoxications, poor nutrition, mental disorders, mental and physical overload, chronic stress, etc.

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